Composting Tips

first_imgHave you ever wondered how moist your compost pile should be or the ideal temperature for your compost? These are valid questions, and knowing the answers will keep your compost pile working at its best.If you are a vermicomposter and, like me, you use worms to compost, these factors are even more important, as they can ensure the overall well-being of your little worm workers.To maintain a healthy compost pile, you need to maintain the proper moisture level. Compost organisms are like people — both need water to survive and function at their best. Inadequate water will inhibit the activities of compost organisms, resulting in a slower compost process.If the compost pile is too moist, water will displace air and create anaerobic conditions in the pile. The moisture level of a compost pile should be roughly 40 to 60 percent. To the touch, the compost pile should feel like a wrung-out sponge.These same fundamentals apply to a vermicompost system. Adequate water is needed for the worms to function properly and survive. Vermicompost bedding should also be as damp as a wrung-out sponge.The moisture level in a compost bin is easy to detect and, for the most part, easy to fix. If the bin is too wet, pools of water will accumulate at the bottom of the bin. Additionally, worms trying to escape from the bin or an unsavory smell are possible indications that the bin is too wet.To fix a high moisture level, add more items that can absorb the water, such as newspaper or cardboard. Stop adding food items that have high water content, like fruits.A bin that is too dry is equally unpleasant for the worms. Dried worms are a sure indicator that the compost bin doesn’t have enough moisture. To raise the moisture level, simply spray the bin with water from a spray bottle. Add food items with high water content.A high temperature is desirable in a backyard compost pile, as it will accelerate the decomposition of materials. The heat can also aid in breaking down pathogens and weeds. The ideal temperature in a composting pile is 135 to 160 degrees Fahrenheit.To increase the temperature of a compost pile, turn the pile weekly. Turning allows oxygen to flow, maintains the aerobic condition of the pile and regenerates heat.The temperature in a worm bin is quite different than that of a compost pile. Unlike compost, worms prefer temperatures between 55 and 77 F. If the worm bin is outside, consider relocating it to a more temperature-regulated place, such as a garage or even underneath a sink in the house, during the warmer months.For more information on maintaining a compost pile, refer to the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Circular 816, “Composting and Mulching,” at extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.cfm?number=C816.last_img read more

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Man U about town

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Commission orders BPKP to disclose BPJS Kesehatan’s deficit audit report

first_imgThe Central Information Commission (KIP) has ordered the Development Finance Comptroller (BPKP) to disclose its audit report on the Health Care and Social Security Agency’s (BPJS Kesehatan) deficit.The order was stipulated in the commission’s ruling in favor of Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW), which demanded that the comptroller open its report to the public after the BPKP rejected the watchdog’s initial request. The ruling was read by KIP commissioner Cecep Suryadi during a hearing in Jakarta on Tuesday.Cecep said the audit report did not have elements of confidentiality as regulated under articles 6 and 17 of Law No. 14/2008 on public information, which has given liability to any public agencies in central government and local administration to provide open access to public information. Read also: BPJS Kesehatan books deficit below 50% of 2019 projection“According to the Public Information Law, the defendant is required to provide public access to the audit report, the existence of which was mentioned during a public meeting, because it contains no confidential elements,” another KIP commissioner, Arif Kuswardono, said.ICW researcher Egi Primayogha said he appreciated the ruling and requested the BPKP make the BPJS Kesehatan audit report available to the public as soon as possible.”The audit report will probably be beneficial to the public as it might show the problems of the BPJS,” Egi said after the hearing. The ICW had filed a lawsuit against the BPKP after the comptroller refused to provide the audit report to the graft watchdog, which was planning to look into issues surrounding BPJS Kesehatan’s national health insurance (JKN) program.Read also: Can BPJS Kesehatan survive? An assessment after drastic premium hikesAccording to the graft watchdog, the government had allocated at least Rp 22.1 trillion (US$1.5 billion) to the agency to subsidize the premium payments of low-income participants. However, BPJS Kesehatan still recorded a deficit of Rp 15.5 trillion as of December last year, the ICW said.”The amount is certainly not small. That’s why the BPKP’s audit report must be known widely by the public. The public as taxpayers and the compulsory members of the JKN program must know every problem within its operations,” Egi said.A BPKP legal team member, who refused to be named, said he would coordinate with the agency in regard to the ruling. (ars)Topics :last_img read more

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The Little Parish That Wouldn’t

first_imgBy Judy O’Gorman AlvarezIn 2009 when the parishioners of St. John the Baptist R.C. Church in Long Branch learned the Diocese of Trenton was closing their church to consolidate it with two other parishes to form Christ the King parish, they were upset.The 500 or so parishioners felt their congregation was strong and self-sufficient, with a board of trustees, a treasury, and well-attended Masses in English, Spanish and Portuguese each weekend.Unwavering in their commitment and their faith, some parishioners banded together to continue as a community, and with the help of a married Catholic priest, a new-found religion—The American National Catholic Church–and a neighboring Episcopal church, they have become the parish of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Long Branch.A church-goer prays during Sunday Mass at Our Lady of Guadelupe photo by Scott LongfieldImmediately after St. John the Baptist closed, parishioners held Sunday Masses–complete with familiar prayers, music and Holy Communion–on the sidewalk outside the padlocked church doors, at private homes and then rented space at a nearby social club. Eventually they were invited to conduct their worship at nearby St. James Episcopal Church in Long Branch. They invited a patchwork of visiting priests to celebrate Mass, and when pressed, parishioners set up a TV to participate in televised Catholic Masses.“St. John’s got stripped of everything,” says Joyce Sprague of Long Branch, who was a parishioner and a trustee of the former parish. According to Sprague, after their beloved pastor was transferred, the parish was disbanded but the congregation was never consulted. “We felt betrayed.”Some parishioners went to the newly blended Christ the King parish (which celebrates Masses in English, Spanish and Portuguese), others to parishes in other towns, and others turned away from all Sunday worship. But a few committed and determined people formed a parish council with a representative from each of the communities they serve– such as Columbian, Guatemalan and Bolivian–and voted to adopt a new name for their parish: Our Lady Of Guadalupe, known as the Patroness of the Americas. “Finding Father Tony,” says Sprague, “was a blessing.”Father Tony is Anthony Testa, a Roman Catholic priest who left the priesthood more than 30 years ago to marry and has been living in Lincroft with his wife and raising their family ever since. He has always considered himself to be Catholic and worshipped at his nearby parish. He recently retired from the U.S. Postal Service and as a validly ordained priest, continues to administer sacraments such as matrimony, baptism and anointing of the sick, among others. Testa officiates about 80 marriages a year and his clients are often divorced Catholics who are remarrying but are barred from doing so in a Catholic church.The children’s choir at Our Lady of Guadelupe Photo by Scott LongfieldSprague met Testa at one such wedding and thought he might be interested in helping the newly formed parish. Testa talked it over with his family and accepted the position of pastoral administrator and their priest. “They needed me,” he says.Despite the language barrier (Testa does not speak Spanish), he studied and practiced, and with the parishioners’ help with pronunciation, now celebrates most of the Mass, with the exception of the homily (or sermon), in Spanish. Most parishioners, he points out, understand English.“The people were so happy to have me and to worship with me and be a community,” says Testa, who was delighted to be back in his liturgical vestments celebrating Sunday Mass for the first time in three decades.In the meantime, Angel Martinez, a member of the parish council had been searching the Internet for independent Catholic churches when he came upon the American National Catholic Church.The American National Catholic Church (ANCC) was established in 2009 as an independent Catholic jurisdiction and has grown to include a handful of parishes in the U.S. Headed by the Most Rev. George R. Lucey, FCM, the presiding bishop, the church celebrates the same sacraments and follows the spirit of reform initiated in Vatican II, which many believe initiated changes to the church to accommodate the modern world. Among the ANCC’s beliefs that differ from the Roman Catholic Church is gay and lesbian inclusiveness, women priests, and not requiring clergy to be celibate.“We believe this is the future of the Catholic Church,” says Martinez, who was impressed with the ANCC’s all-inclusive philosophy. “It’s all inclusive and there are no restrictions. Priests can be married. Everyone is welcome,” says Martinez, who was a member of the former parish since 1978.When the parishioners of Our Lady of Guadalupe accepted the ANCC’s invitation to join them, they relished the support as well as a chance to be part of a religion with the same fundamental beliefs they have always held dear.Last November, Bishop Lucey installed Testa as pastor of Our Lady of Guadalupe Church. “We are still sharing in the body and blood of Christ and all the things that are important to Catholics after all these centuries,” says Testa. “In the Roman Catholic Church they emphasize the letter of the law and not the spirit of the law. They’re too legalistic and forget what the law is trying to accomplish.”“Although claiming legitimacy as an ‘alternative’ or ‘independent’ Catholic Church, this group and the individuals leading or promoting it are not in communion with the Roman Catholic Church,” the Most Rev. David M. O’Connell, CM, Bishop of the Diocese of Trenton, said in a statement last year. “No Catholic Church is ‘independent’…My greatest fear is that they will take other well-intentioned Catholics down with them, leading them away from the true practice of their faith under the pretense of legitimacy.Nevertheless, the parish of Our Lady of Guadalupe with its 100 registered families is thriving, celebrating a 12 noon Mass every Sunday at St. James Episcopal Church while they raise funds to build their own church. They also offer catechism classes, Bible study, and a music ministry that features a mix of folk and Latino liturgical music. Father Testa has baptized some 40 babies and the parish is planning their second group of First Holy Communicants.“The Holy Spirit has been with us,” says Testa. “Things have been going very well. We’ve got the support of the ANCC, a church to worship and as the parish grows little by little, there’s hope for this community.” Father Anthony Testa, pastor of Our Lady of Guadelupe, celebrates Sunday Mass. Photo by Scott Longfieldlast_img read more

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No joy in Boundary Country, Leafs pound Bruins 15-0

first_imgIt’s easy to say Carsen Willans likes playing the Grand Forks Border Bruins.As a matter of fact, so do a lot of Kootenay International Junior Hockey League teams.Willans, a Nelson Minor Hockey Association grad, scored four times as the Nelson Leafs shocked it to the Bruins 15-0 in Murdoch Division play Thursday in the Boundary City.Despite winning its first of the season last week in the Invermere, there’s not much positive to report for interim coach Matt Zamec.The former assistant was elevated prior to the win after head coach and GM Brent Batten was relieved of his duties by team executive.Nelson scored five times during the first eight minutes of the opening period to literally put the game away after 20 minutes.During the first frame the Leafs outshot the Bruins 21-5 en route to a 57-shot barrage at the Grand Forks tandem of Jeremy Mandoli and backup Nathan Nicloson.Grand Forks also surrendered three power play goals in the contest.Along with Willans padding his stats, a host of other Leafs also filled the stats bucket.The game’s first star Brett Norman scored three times while adding two helpers for a five-point night.Former Trail Smokie defenceman J.J. Beitel also had a breakout game, with two goals and three assists along with center Nik Newman, one goal four assists.Nelson defenceman Walker Sidoni had four assists as well as Nelson native Dallon Stoddart, also finishing with four points on a goal and three assists.Other goal scorers included Matthew Naka, Julian Davis, Eric Spring and Matti Jmaeff.Patrick Defoe had a relatively easy time in the net, stopping 27 shots.The only real bright spot for the Bruins came in the third period when Grand Forks fired 14 shots — more than the first two periods — at the Leaf goal.LEAF NOTES: Nelson, 18-9-0-2, climbs into a second-place tie with idle Castlegar Rebels, each team now has 38 points. However, Castlegar has played two less games. . . .The night was cut rather short for Leaf center Matthew Naka. After scoring Nelson’s fifth goal of the opening period, the Vanderhoof native was handed a game misconduct for an illegal check to the head later in the first frame. . . . In four games against the Bruins Carsen Willans has accumulated 17 points, including seven goals. . . . Grand Forks has yielded league high 253 goals in 27 games for an average of almost 10 per game. . . .Thursday’s game was the lone contest of the weekend for Nelson. The team returns to action Friday, December 9 at the NDCC Arena when the Rebels visit in a Murdoch Division showdown. Game time is 7 p.m. . . . After playing 19 games in seven weeks, Nelson’s schedule is back to somewhat normal as the Leafs have eight games in December. Seven of the eight are against Murdoch Division opposition, including two each against powers Castlegar and Beaver [email protected]last_img read more

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TWO TIME ECLIPSE CHAMPION BEHOLDER VS. RED HOT WARREN’S VENEDA SET FOR SHOWDOWN IN SATURDAY’S GRADE I, $300,000 VANITY STAKES

first_imgARCADIA, Calif. (May 6, 2015)–In what shapes up as a showdown between royalty and blue collar toughness, two-time Eclipse Award winning Beholder takes on streaking California-bred Warren’s Veneda in Saturday’s Grade I, $300,000 Vanity Stakes at 1 1/8 miles, a race that has attracted a field of five fillies and mares aged 3-and-up. One of America’s most prestigious races for fillies and mares, the Vanity was run at the now-shuttered Hollywood Park from 1940 through 2013 and will be hosted by Santa Anita for the second consecutive year.Owned by B. Wayne Hughes’ Spendthrift Farm and trained by Richard Mandella, Beholder’s lofty resume, which includes six Grade I victories, clearly establishes her as one of the top distaffers of her era and assures her certain Hall of Fame induction. Chief among her list of high profile Grade I accomplishments are wins in the 2012 Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies, the 2013 Santa Anita Oaks, back to back wins in the Zenyatta Stakes in 2013 and ’14, and a dazzling 4 ¼ length win in the 2013 Breeders’ Cup Distaff.A 5-year-old Kentucky-bred mare by Henny Hughes, Beholder cruised to a 3 ¾ length win in the restricted, 1 1/16 miles Santa Lucia Stakes on April 10, her first start since winning the Grade I Zenyatta on Sept. 27.Blessed with tremendous natural speed, Beholder will again be ridden by Gary Stevens, who has been at the controls in six out of her last seven starts, resulting in five wins. A winner of the Distaff at    1 1/8 miles, her only other try at the distance resulted in a close second place finish in the 2013 Kentucky Oaks. Beholder is 16-11-3-0 overall with earnings of $3,416,600.California-bred Warren’s Veneda, who is trained by Craig Lewis, enters the Vanity at the peak of her game, having taken her first Grade I, the 1 1/8 miles Santa Margarita Stakes by 7 ¼ lengths on March 14, her third consecutive win.Owned and bred by Benjamin C. Warren, the 5-year-old mare by Affirmative, out of the Flying Continental mare More Cal Bread, earned a career best 99 Beyer Speed figure in the Santa Margarita and would benefit from a fast pace, although she’s proven she can lay close early if need be. A five-time stakes winner, Warren’s Veneda got her first graded stakes win two starts back in the Grade II Santa Maria on Feb. 14, a race in which she was last early and rallied to win by 2 ¾ lengths at 1 1/6 miles.Winless in eight starts last year, Warren’s Veneda is 22-8-3-5 overall with earnings of $827,612. She’ll again be ridden by Tyler Baze, who has been up for all three wins this year.Pamela Ziebarth’s homebred My Sweet Addiction comes of a sharp gate to wire score going 1 1/16 miles March 20 and seeks her first stakes win in the Vanity. Trained by Marty Jones, she earned a career best 89 Beyer Speed figure on March 20 and has an overall mark of 9-3-2-3, with earnings of $148,106.Well beaten by Warren’s Veneda in her last three starts, trainer John Sadler’s Legacy has three wins from 19 starts and will hope to reverse her recent fortunes in the Vanity.In addition to Beholder, Brazilian-bred Gas Total was an impressive one mile turf allowance winner in her U.S. debut March 29 and will try dirt for the third time in her 26th career start.The complete field for the Grade I Vanity Stakes, to be run as the fifth race on a nine-race card Saturday, with jockeys and weights in post position order: Warren’s Veneda, Tyler Baze, 124; Gas Total, Flavien Prat, 119; Beholder, Gary Stevens, 121; My Sweet Addiction, Mike Smith, 119, and Legacy, Martin Garcia, 119. 74th RUNNING OF PRESTIGOUS FIXTURE FOR FILLIES & MARES TO BE CONTESTED AT 1 1/8 MILESlast_img read more

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East London housing project launched

first_imgSAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material Social transformation Emerald Sky “We are also upgrading many of the 2 700 informal settlements which exist alongside almost every urban and peri-urban town, to address the squalid conditions of those living there,” he said. According to the Housing Department, settlements also contribute to the country’s social transformation programme of reversing “apartheid spatial planning” and to restore the human dignity and self-esteem of the country’s people. The Emerald Sky project is an innovative initiative aimed at providing affordable housing to people in need. Through it, the government provides grant funding to private developers to build rental homes for low- and middle-income workers in an effort to prevent the spiralling of slum houses in the cities. “You will notice that the new style social housing projects that we are building are on well-located and landscaped land, with access to social amenities such as education, transport, recreational facilities and others,” Zuma said during the event, which was also attended by Human Settlements Minister Tokyo Sexwale. 21 June 2010center_img “All human beings strive to obtain decent shelter in a decent community. That is why as government we are doing all we can to assist our people to obtain affordable and habitable shelter,” Zuma said during the launch of a social housing project in the East London suburb of Amalinda on Saturday. The government’s new housing approach will go a long way towards reversing the apartheid legacy in housing and social planning in South Africa, President Jacob Zuma said in East London over the weekend. The government has built over 2.7-million homes for South Africans since 1994, giving shelter to more than 13-million people. Zuma described the project, consisting of 656 units, of which 350 are already occupied, as an important addition to the government’s response to the need for accommodation. In addition, the government is making available a Guarantee Fund that will make it easier for working people to access a mortgage bond to build their own homes. It is hoped that the initiative could eliminate many of the reasons given by financial institutions for not financing the development of affordable housing. Zuma further said government plans to spend close to R15-billion this year on housing. This is being done in part through the provision of housing grants, with homes being built in more than 8 000 human settlements projects across the country.last_img read more

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R1bn investment for PE’s Boardwalk

first_img“Preferential procurement also stands to gain, with the Boardwalk committing to sourcing a minimum of 55% of its goods and services from local suppliers, and 65% from BEE suppliers both locally and nationally,” the statement read. “The majority of this spend will be allocated to ongoing and new community projects for the benefit of black Eastern Cape citizens and will significantly benefit communities in the Eastern Cape province,” the statement read. Contributing taxes, sustaining jobs Emfuleni will also contribute 1% and 3% of its net profit after tax to social investment projects and enterprise development respectively over the 15-year licence period, resulting in an expenditure of some R120-million. Importantly, the renewal of the licence would mean the continuation of the subsidy to the Fish River Sun situated outside Port Alfred, and a capital injection of R30-million, which maintains a significant number of critically needed jobs and supports a number of other businesses in an economically depressed area. According to Sun International, both the Eastern Cape province and the national fiscus stand to benefit materially. “By 2025 an estimated R600-million will be contributed to [the] government by way of taxes, levies and fees, and the Boardwalk is expected to have contributed as much as a cumulative R26-billion to indirect household income,” the company said in a statement this week. SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material Tourism icon Black economic empowerment Other improvements to the centre will include additional retail space, a spa and fitness centre, a spectacular water fountain, and additional parking areas. Emfuleni Resorts, together with its partners Sun International and Zonwabise Resort Holdings, are to invest R1-billion in a new five-star hotel and international standard convention centre, as well as a new casino, at the Boardwalk in Port Elizabeth. The investment formed part of a bid to the Eastern Cape Gambling and Betting Board to have the gambling licence for the Boardwalk Casino and Entertainment World extended for a further 15 years. At the start of the new licence period, Emfuleni will have an effective black economic empowerment (BEE) shareholding of 52%, with an Eastern Cape-based BEE shareholding of 35.6%. It is projected that through the 15-year life of the casino licence, empowerment shareholders will effectively receive R1.6-billion in dividends. 4 October 2010 According to Sun International, the Boardwalk has become a tourism icon for Nelson Mandela Bay, with over 30-million visitors to date. “It is the second-favourite attraction in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metro after the beaches and, over and above its state-of-the-art casino, is a tourism destination for families with its mix of hotels, lakes, shops, restaurants, cinemas, children’s entertainment facilities, festivals and events.” The total number of direct jobs would increase by approximately 480 to around 2 100 once the development was fully completed, while the total number of direct and indirect jobs would almost double from about 4 300 in 2009 to about 8 300 in 2025. last_img read more

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Men-only clinic opens in Cape Town

first_imgThe majority of people going to seek medical help are mostly women and children and this initiative will try to make men more comfortable to attend to their health needs. (Image: Development Works) MEDIA CONTACTS • Sonke Gender Justice Network  +27 21 423 7088 RELATED ARTICLES • New centres to help fight HIV in KZN • HIV/Aids in South Africa • R13m boost for HIV clinic in SA • SA makes strides in fighting HIVRay MaotaA men-only clinic has opened in Gugulethu, in Cape Town, in a partnership between the municipality and the Sonke Gender Justice Network.It offers clinical services such as HIV testing and counselling, and screening for sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis. It also distributes condoms to promote safe sex, and provides counselling, information and referrals on issues such as substance abuse and refugee rights.The Sonke Gender Justice Network is an NGO that focuses on gender equality, prevention of gender-based violence, and reducing the spread of HIV and the impact of Aids. It will be responsible for social mobilisation on health and gender issues, hosting workshops on health education and conducting outreach programmes at the clinic.The clinic, which was opened on 17 February 2012, is part of a partnership between the city and the NGO, called One Man Can. It aims to make men more responsible for their health, which, it’s believed, will have a ripple effect and reach all parts of society.Cape Town mayoral committee member for health Lungiswa James, who opened the clinic, said: “The need for a dedicated men’s clinic such as this was identified when we realised that men are often reluctant to visit general clinics, despite their susceptibility to particular types of illness.“As a result of these factors, we see men’s life expectancy being lower than that of women.”The NY1 Clinic is opposite Gugulethu Mall.Services by male nurses provided by the city will initially only be available from 9am to 4.30pm on Tuesdays and Thursdays, but will eventually expand. Mzoli Properties donated the physical structure for the clinic.“We have started engaging various role players in this community – engaging role players has always proved useful in the past and we’ll definitely be doing this again to reach more men,” said Mzamo Sidelo, a trainer for One Man Can.These role players include churches, libraries, schools and other institutions in the vicinity.Men avoid clinicsAccording to the Sonke Gender Justice Network, studies show that men are under-represented in health services, including HIV services.A national HIV testing campaign conducted between 2010 and 2011 tested nearly 13-million people. It was found that men made up only 30% of that number. Men also sought HIV treatment later than women and often showed up for services with already severely compromised immune systems.In South Africa, about 55% of those living with HIV are women, but more than two-thirds of patients receiving public sector anti-retroviral treatment are female. “The clinic intends to make men partners in health by providing a space to actively participate in health matters and take full responsibility,” said James.“As a caring city, we are working tirelessly to provide this service in all areas and we urge men to use these services for their own benefit and the benefit of their families and the entire society.”The Sonke Gender Justice Network believes that taking responsibility for one’s health is about positively changing one’s relationship with one’s own body; breaking free from the confines of rigid and violent gender constructions, which leave men vulnerable to illness and injury; and developing a responsible and gender-equitable society, which in turn can promote positive relationships and respect for other people.Why the fearAn article in The Lancet titled “Expanding HIV care in Africa: making men matter” says: “Efforts to understand men’s health-seeking behaviour are poorly understood in the Aids epidemic, and encouraging men to get tested and into treatment is a major challenge, but one that is poorly recognised.“Addressing these issues effectively means moving beyond laying blame and starting to develop interventions to encourage uptake of prevention, testing, and treatment for men – for everyone’s sake.”The Lancet is a leading general medical and specialty journal focusing in oncology, neurology and infectious diseases.Sonke says many psycho-social, economic and infrastructural reasons can be blamed for men’s reluctance to care for their health.These include: men’s attitudes and the belief that using health services is a sign of weakness; the fact that health services are mostly offered by women at clinics; and the long waiting times and inconvenient consultation times.last_img read more

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Cutting on the Blink: Editing Tips From Walter Murch

first_imgWalter Murch’s work as a film editor and sound designer is vital to the history of cinema and he has some serious wisdom to impart to any film and video maker.Top Image: Walter Murch on Apocalypse Now via TransomWalter Murch is a master film editor and sound designer with many famous film credits to his name, including Apocalypse Now, The English Patient, and Jarhead. He’s even directed a movie, Return to Oz. In his highly regarded book, In the Blink of an Eye, Murch offers film and video makers a wonderfully succinct guide to approaching the craft and philosophy of editing. Rule of SixMurch’s “Rule of Six” is a nice hierarchical breakdown to keep in mind when deciding upon where to make a cut, and lists the decision-making factors in this order:Emotion (51%)Story (23%)Rhythm (10%)Eye-Trace (7%)Two-Dimensional Plane of Screen (5%)Three Dimensional Space of Action (4%)Nikole Hidalgo has made a video to illustrate Murch’s rule:Murch admits that the percentage assigned to each item on the list is not the thing to fixate upon, even though it does indicate a significant value difference between the two extremes of emotion and screen space. Rather, the order of the items is the key here and the resulting guide is a good editing checklist when in doubt about a crucial edit on your next movie.Return to Oz via DisneyThe BlinkPerhaps more interestingly, Murch has proposed a theory about how the rate, or speed, in which we blink our eyes may actually be suggestive of our mental state and the way in which we are processing information.According to Murch, to refrain from blinking suggests intense concentration whereas rapid blinking suggests agitation and distraction. There is a middle ground between these two extremes where our blinking coincides with a rhythmic digestion of thoughts and ideas. In other words, the visible evidence of our brain chewing information is through our eyes. This blinking principle can apply to life and it can also apply to filmmaking. It has seemingly guided Murch’s editing razor over the course of his career as he has searched for rhythm and cinematic truth in countless movie scenes. The Conversation via ParamountMurch believes that good actors blink in a way that seems natural to the flow of information within a narrative and the editor can structure cuts and scene rhythms around the way actors blink their eyes. With this advice, it’s seems advisable to schedule a screen test into your casting process whenever possible. The way an actor blinks may be the window into their ability to be natural and believably emotive in your movie. Sven Pape has put Murch’s blink technique into direct action in his own editing work, and has even made a video about editing the film Flesh and Blood:About a decade ago, Transom ran a great article by Walter Murch about his perceptions on sound design. There are some cool examples from his work on Apocalypse Now and THX 1138.If you’d prefer to hear from the man himself, have a look at this video presentation, where Murch talks about making the right editing choices when putting a film together. Murch’s wisdom is undeniable, and his thoughtful approach to cinematic endeavors sets an important precedent for film and video makers. One should aspire to Murch’s contemplation of the medium.Have you employed any of Murch’s suggested techniques in your own work? Has cutting on the blink helped you work your way through a film scene? Please share below.last_img read more

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